Know your blood sugar numbers!
Checking your blood sugar is the
best way to know how well you are managing your diabetes. Regular blood
sugar checks are vital to making decisions on how to treat diabetes.
Blood sugars can be tested throughout the day. Testing blood sugar before a meal can help you
decide how much and what type of food to choose. If blood sugars are low, you
may choose to eat more food. Likewise, if your
blood sugars are high, it may be beneficial to eat less food.
Testing blood sugar after a meal provides instant feedback regarding
food choices. High blood sugar may result from too large of a meal,
excessive carbohydrate, or a meal comprised only of carbohydrate. Low blood
sugar may be due to not eating enough carbohydrate. Learn from what you
ate and plan your next meal accordingly.
Speak with your doctor or diabetes educator about how often and
when to test blood sugars. It may be necessary to test up to 4 times per
day. Upon control of blood sugars, testing may occur less
Ask your diabetes educator about the procedure to test
correctly. Testing blood sugar
involves placing a drop of blood on a test strip of a glucometer. Blood is
usually drawn from a fingertip using a lancet. The glucometer provides the
blood sugar results.
Record date, time, and blood sugar levels in a log.
Discuss the log entries with your
diabetes educator or doctor.
Work with your doctor or diabetes educator
to set blood sugar level goals. This is the best way to know how you are
doing and what your numbers mean on a daily basis.